Lean Manufacturing-1

The Philosophi of Lean Manufacturing

In the field of management, there are various approaches that principally aim to accelerate and boost corporate firm's revenues and operational effcienies.

Progressive companies from around the world have been coming up every now and then different strategies for corporate improvement, some of these schemes have been so effective that other firms have recognized and even adopted them.

One of these efficiency-focused philoshophies is what is termed "lean manufacturing".

What is lean manufacturing ?

Lean manufacturing is holistic and strategic approach that aims to enable business and companies to improve and boost competitiveness and provitability.

Lean manufacturing aims introduce and set in desired improvements through identifying, and gradually, eliminating wasteful or unproductive behavior and practices among employees and management.

The scheme called lean manufacturing is a program or methodology that could prove to be fitting and appropriate for all types of business or organizations. Lean manufacturing would be effective wether adopted by companies in the manufacturing, service, trading or other sectors.

Lean manufacturing is focused at helping companies get the right things, to the right and appropriate places at the perfect or right time and in the right amount or quantity while at the same time, reducing waste and promoting productivity and flexibility among workers.

Lean manufacturing and wastes

It does not take a succesful manager to assert that businesses and companies carry unnecessary and unlikely burden of wastes.

Lean manufacturing as philosophy focuses on reducing the seven wastes commonly identified among global firms. Lean manufacturing attemps to help companies eliminate these unnecessary wastes to improve output quality, to maximize production and the time needed for it and mostly, to significantly save costs.

The seven wastes lean manufacturing aims to slash and eliminate n the workplace are the following :

1.  over production
2.  over processing
3.  transportation
4.  motion
5.  inventory
6.  waiting
7.  scrapt and defects

Over production, over processing and inventory

While some companies view over production in the positive way, most, especially those on the service and manufacturing sectors, take it as a manufacturing liability.

Over production will create a pilling of inventory that would eventually create a problem in distribution because most warehouse have capacity limits.

What is worse is that over production and pilling of inventories are the usual causes of price drops, which are deemed bad for business by most firms.

The fundamental law of supply and demand will attest that if supplies are exceeding or too much, the demand tries to settle down or decline. Demands going down will mean prices rolling back or dropping as well.

Over proceesing is unnecessary because it takes so much productive time from employees and managers. There are many disadvantage of over processing and most of them seem pretty obvious to you. Over processing makes costs blow up.

Trasnportation, motion and waiting.

Because time is an important element of productivity, lean manufacturing values it the most. Thus, lean manufacturing philoshophy aims to boost efficiency.

Transportation is an essential element of manufacturing because through it commodities and merchandise are distributed to retailers, down to customers.

However, lean manufacturing mandates firms to maximize the use of transportation especially nowadays when oil prices are soaring.

Because energy prices are rising, and energy is what makes companies rolling, motion should be controlled. Lean manufacturing will have companies slash procrastination and unproductive hours among employees so as to increase and meet sufficient production targets.

If motion is made efficient, then waiting could be reduced if not eliminated. In lean manufacturing, waiting makes idle of people and it kills time that should have been used instead in productive measures and activities.

Scrap and defect.

Lean manufacturing have it that if employees are efficient and if they are motivated, the quality of production would be greatly boosted. That means, the company will not have to spend costs wages, energies and other capital just to produce defective items that would eventually rejected upon distribution.

While sraps and defects in production items are inevitable, companies adhering to lean manufacturing could always do something about it. Basic management principles have it that motivation is the most effective incentive to get workers doing the right and proper procedures in the work place.

All the seven wastes that are combated by lean manufacturing strategies are somehow interconnected with each other that eliminating one could lead to the elimination of others.